Carbon dioxide emissions are local, but their effects are global. There are one hundred and ninety four countries on this globe, big and small; their boundaries are fixed but the air that they breathe is shared. No matter who contributes how much to the CO2 burden, all nations suffer together. If we don’t start decreasing the emissions and transition away from fossil fuels, the repercussions will be felt throughout the world.
It is of the utmost importance that this transition starts now, because if emissions are not curbed significantly by 2050, then the tipping point of climate change will be reached. In addition, a transitioning away from fossil fuels is key to not only creating countless new jobs in green industries, but also in mitigating the impact of peak oil and decrease the amount of pollutants (CO2) in our atmosphere.
This proposal is a new innovation in the Agricultural sector, that is capable of transforming the life of individuals, create employment for skilled and unskilled personnel, boost economic activities in the rural areas, reduce rural-urban drifting and mitigate the problem of climate change on our environment.
This business idea involves the planting of non edible plant and refining of bio-diesel (fuel) using jatropha as feedstock. Jatropha Curcas, it is a hearty multipurpose shrub type tree that grows wildly in Nigeria and Africa with little or no maintenance. The oil-rich seeds are very attractive feed stock for biofuel production. The kernel consists of about 60% oil which can be transformed through esterification into biofuel. The green energy of the plant can be used to power various machines while the biofuel mix was reported as being more efficient and burn less fuel in total than the conventional fuel (Crude). It burn with clear smoke-free flame.
Additionally, the plant is cherished for its medicinal value and the cake can be used as livestock feed and other vital products if properly processed. The fact that the biofuel can be used to replace fossil fuel or substitute fuel wood and carbon sink is enough reason to encourage its cultivation in Nigeria hence, this business Idea is highly placed on the values of Jatropha planting in large mass for production of biofuel in Nigeria.
The term “carbon footprint” refers to the amount of carbon (C02) we emit individually in one-year period. C02 is produced from many sources and is the primary gas responsible for climate change, Global warming and the resulting alarming changes in our climate. From research findings, two matured plants of jatropha plant can absorb 1(one) metric ton for Carbon (CO2) from the atmosphere per year, the project’s vision is to encourage the cultivation of jatropha plants in large mass by embarking on pilot project of planting ten (10) hectares of land in order to have the availability of feedstock for biofuel production.
Objectives and beneficiaries
The aim and objective of this project is as follows
• To embrace go-green initiative in Nigeria
• Community Development
• Poverty Alleviation
• Reduce the rate of unemployment by creating jobs for rural /urban dwellers
• Reduce rural-urban drifting,
• Substitute for fossil fuel
• It is environmental friendly
• Reduce global warming (effect on the ozone layer)
• It will help to reduce youth restiveness in the Niger Delta and Nigeria at large.
• Once planted it can be harvested for 40 – 50 years.
Strong points of the practice
According to research two matured jatropha plant can absorb 1 metric tone of CO2 from the atmosphere per year and it it into the ground.
Expected results and benefits for climate change adaptation and mitigation
ECONOMICS IMPORTANCE OF THE PLANT:
The various uses of the plant include the following:
• Biodiesel production (with better emission)
• Soap making
• Production of Pesticide
• Production of ink
• Medicinal purpose ( treatment of cancer, piles, snake bite, paralysis,
• Seed coat for water purification
• Dye and tanning production
• Production of gum
• Control climate change due to reduction in air pollution
• Organic fertilizer
• Herbal tooth brush
• Feedstuff (Livestock)
• Treatment of skin disease(seed Oil)
• Treatment of cough (Leaf decoction)
• To stop bleeding (Stem sap flowing)
• Antimicrobial property (Latex)
Replicability potential of the practice
The practice is replicable in order to reclaim wasted land, desert land and to mitigate climate change effect.
[Editor's Note: All information published as submitted by the author(s). Minor edits may have been made to increase readability and understanding.]