The excessive use of chemicals degrades the soil, contaminates the water and destroys biodiversity.
The local water cycles and across the planet are heavily dependent on trees, which regulate exchanges between the atmosphere, soil and water supplies (groundwater, rivers, lakes …). Because of their role in the water cycle, the trees provide many ecosystem services for water: mitigation of extreme weather events, regulatory resources available, crop protection, filtration, erosion control and pollution . These ecosystem services are provided free by forest ecosystems / agroforestry and directly benefit local populations.
This project is the promotion of traditional timber forest species for sustainable management of water resources and the production of biological pesticides and fertilizers respectful of man and the environment. It is to create a center of interest to rural people for saving and intensive production of traditional trees to environmental added value.
We managed to make organic pesticides and organic fertilizers neem seeds traditional plant Benin multi virtues. Vulnerable people mostly women and young people are organized in groups of commercial tontine for planting neem trees, collecting seeds, production of organic inputs and marketing.
In Benin, the climate change cracked sharply. Losses related to droughts and floods are becoming more and more important. Furthermore, hundreds of farmers die every year due to manipulation of chemical pesticides. Innocent consumers unknowingly ingest each day of residues of these pesticides in their diet. Unfortunately, the marginal share of the population that decides to eat healthy foods can not, because farmers do not have access to organic inputs. They are very rare on the market and farmers are not trained or equipped to produce them themselves.
This activity aroused the enthusiasm of the population and local authorities for the promotion of these trees were disappearing and by spontaneous relapses. They now occur in nurseries, field, gardens, especially in concessions. This limits desertification, global warming and the degradation of arable land.
The use of our natural products by farmers has a positive impact on human health and the environment. They make it possible to prevent water pollution in agriculture, fight against agricultural pollution, protecting biodiversity.
Our organic fertilizer corrects texture and soil structure giving it a good capacity of water retention and conservation of minerals. While moisture and soil fertility are maintained at a long period thereby improving crop productivity.
They improve the incomes and living conditions of rural and small farmers who are firstly victims of drought damage and also do not have access to organic inputs.
Objectives and beneficiaries
- Raising awareness on the effects of climate change causes deficiencies of water resources, solutions and the benefits of organic inputs.
- Developing the plantation system and the collection of neem throughout the territory.
- Locally produce and make available effective pesticides and organic fertilizers.
The beneficiaries are the local people, farmers, agricultural finished products to consumers.
Strong points of the practice
The highlight of the project is that it addresses the issue of sustainable management of water resources. This is a project that involves the participation of local people and local authorities.
It provides solutions to several problems at once: the sustainable management of water resources, global warming, food poisoning, water pollution, destruction of biodiversity, depletion of arable soil nutrients, unemployment young people especially in rural areas.
It is economically viable and enables all players to win.
Expected results and benefits for climate change adaptation and mitigation
Development of arboriculture, internalisation of agroecological practices, sustainable forest management and the available water resources, waste management, reduction in poisoning and pollution, reducing greenhouse gases, local involvement in research solution to climate change and development of local resources, increased rainfall and yield, improving the living conditions of the population.
The advantage for climate change: regulation of the water cycle, preservation of water quality, erosion reduction due to water, water supply of large trees to crops during the drought, decreasing of global warming.
Replicability potential of the practice
The project's replication potential is very high as neem (Azardiratha indica) is a forest species that occurs in the majority of African countries and elsewhere.
[Editor's Note: All information published as submitted by the author(s). Minor edits may have been made to increase readability and understanding.]